Enable GVT-d in ACRN¶
This tutorial describes how to enable GVT-d in ACRN.
After GVT-d is enabled, have either a serial port or SSH session open in the Service VM to interact with it.
Intel GVT-d is a graphics virtualization approach that is also known as the Intel-Graphics-Device passthrough feature. Based on Intel VT-d technology, it offers useful special graphics-related configurations. It allows for direct assignment of an entire GPU’s prowess to a single user, passing the native driver capabilities through to the hypervisor without any limitations.
ACRN-hypervisor tag: acrn-2020w17.4-140000p
ACRN-Kernel (Service VM kernel): master branch, commit ID 095509221660daf82584ebdd8c50ea0078da3c2d
ACRN-EDK2 (OVMF): ovmf-acrn branch, commit ID 0ff86f6b9a3500e4c7ea0c1064e77d98e9745947
Supported Hardware Platform¶
Currently, ACRN has enabled GVT-d on the following platforms:
Kaby Lake Platform¶
Set IGD Minimum Memory to 64MB in Devices → Video → IGD Minimum Memory.
Whiskey Lake Platform¶
Set PM Support to Enabled in Chipset → System Agent (SA) Configuration → Graphics Configuration → PM support.
Set DVMT Pre-Allocated to 64MB in Chipset → System Agent (SA) Configuration → Graphics Configuration → DVMT Pre-Allocated.
Elkhart Lake Platform¶
Set DMVT Pre-Allocated to 64MB in Intel Advanced Menu → System Agent(SA) Configuration → Graphics Configuration → DMVT Pre-Allocated.
Passthrough the GPU to Guest¶
cp /usr/share/acrn/samples/nuc/launch_win.sh ~/install_win.sh
install_win.shscript to specify the Windows image you use.
install_win.shscript to enable GVT-d:
Add the following commands before
acrn-dm -A -m $mem_size -s 0:0,hostbridge \
gpudevice=`cat /sys/bus/pci/devices/0000:00:02.0/device` echo "8086 $gpudevice" > /sys/bus/pci/drivers/pci-stub/new_id echo "0000:00:02.0" > /sys/bus/pci/devices/0000:00:02.0/driver/unbind echo "0000:00:02.0" > /sys/bus/pci/drivers/pci-stub/bind
-s 2,pci-gvt -G "$2" \with
-s 2,passthru,0/2/0,gpu \
Enable the GVT-d GOP Driver¶
When enabling GVT-d, the Guest OS cannot light up the physical screen before the OS driver loads. As a result, the Guest BIOS and the Grub UI are not visible on the physical screen. This occurs because the physical display is initialized by the GOP driver or VBIOS before the OS driver loads, and the Guest BIOS doesn’t have them.
The solution is to integrate the GOP driver binary into the OVMF as a DXE driver. Then the Guest OVMF can see the GOP driver and run it in the graphic passthrough environment. The physical display can be initialized by the GOP and used by the Guest BIOS and Guest Grub.
Fetch the ACRN OVMF:
git clone https://github.com/projectacrn/acrn-edk2.git
Fetch the VBT and GOP drivers.
Fetch the VBT and GOP drivers from the board manufacturer according to your CPU model name.
Add the VBT and GOP drivers to the OVMF:
cp IntelGopDriver.efi acrn-edk2/OvmfPkg/IntelGop/IntelGopDriver.efi cp Vbt.bin acrn-edk2/OvmfPkg/Vbt/Vbt.bin
Confirm that these binaries names match the board manufacturer names.
git applyto add the following two patches:
Compile the OVMF:
cd acrn-edk2 git submodule update --init CryptoPkg/Library/OpensslLib/openssl source edksetup.sh make -C BaseTools vim Conf/target.txt ACTIVE_PLATFORM = OvmfPkg/OvmfPkgX64.dsc TARGET_ARCH = X64 TOOL_CHAIN_TAG = GCC5 build -DFD_SIZE_2MB -DDEBUG_ON_SERIAL_PORT=TRUE
Keep in mind the following:
Use a build machine that has GCC 5.X version installed.
source edksetup.shstep is needed for compilation every time a shell is created.
This will generate the binary at
Build/OvmfX64/DEBUG_GCC5/FV/OVMF.fd. Transfer the binary to your target machine.
Modify the launch script to specify the OVMF you built just now.