Getting Started Guide for the UP2 Board

Hardware setup

The UP Squared board (UP2) is an x86 maker board based on the Intel Apollo Lake platform. The UP boards are used in IoT applications, industrial automation, digital signage, and more.

The UP2 features Intel Celeron N3550 and Intel Pentium N4200 SoCs. Both have been confirmed to work with ACRN.

Connecting to the serial port

The UP2 board has two serial ports. The following figure shows the UP2 board’s 40-pin HAT connector we’ll be using as documented in the UP2 Datasheet.


We’ll access the serial port through the I/O pins in the 40-pin HAT connector using a USB TTL serial cable, and show how to connect a serial port with PL2303TA USB to TTL serial cable for example:


Connect pin 6 (Ground), pin 8 (UART_TXD) and pin 10 (UART_RXD) of the HAT connector to respectively the GND, RX and TX pins of your USB serial cable. Plug the USB TTL serial cable into your PC and use a console emulation tool such as minicom or putty to communicate with the UP2 board for debugging.


Software setup

Setting up the ACRN hypervisor (and associated components) on the UP2 board is no different than other hardware platforms so please follow the instructions provided in the Getting Started Guide for ACRN Industry Scenario, with the additional information below.

There are a few parameters specific to the UP2 board that differ from what is referenced in the Getting Started Guide for ACRN Industry Scenario section:

  1. Serial Port settings
  2. Storage device name

You will need to keep these in mind in a few places:

  • When mounting the EFI System Partition (ESP)

    # mount /dev/mmcblk0p1 /mnt
  • When adjusting the acrn.conf file

    • Set the root= parameter using the PARTUUID or device name directly
  • When configuring the EFI firmware to boot the ACRN hypervisor by default

    # efibootmgr -c -l "\EFI\acrn\acrn.efi" -d /dev/mmcblk0 -p 1 -L "ACRN Hypervisor" \
        -u "bootloader=\EFI\org.clearlinux\bootloaderx64.efi uart=bdf@0:18.1"


    There have been reports that the UP2 EFI firmware does not always keep these settings during a reboot. Make sure to always double-check the settings if ACRN is not running correctly. There is no reliable way to set this boot order and you may want to remove other, unused boot entries and also change the boot order (-o option).

UP2 serial port setting

The serial port (ttyS1) in the 40-pin HAT connector is located at serial PCI BDF 0:18.1. You can check this from the lspci output from the initial Clearlinux installation. Also you can use dmesg | grep tty to get its IRQ information for console setting; and update SOS bootargs console=ttyS1 in acrn.conf to match with console setting.

# lspci | grep UART
00:18.0 . Series HSUART Controller #1 (rev 0b)
00:18.1 . Series HSUART Controller #2 (rev 0b)

# dmesg | grep tty
dw-apb-uart.8: ttyS0 at MMIO 0x91524000 (irq = 4, base_baud = 115200) is a 16550A
dw-apb-uart.9: ttyS1 at MMIO 0x91522000 (irq = 5, base_baud = 115200) is a 16550A

The second entry associated with 00:18.1 @irq5 is the one on the 40-pin HAT connector.

UP2 block device

The UP2 board has an on-board eMMC device. The device name to be used throughout the Getting Started therefore is /dev/mmcblk0 (and /dev/mmcblk0pX for any partition).

The UUID of the partition /dev/mmcblk0p3 can be found by

# blkid /dev/mmcblk


You can also use the device name directly, e.g.: root=/dev/mmcblk0p3

Running the hypervisor

Now that the hypervisor and Service OS have been installed on your UP2 board, you can proceed with the rest of the instructions in the Use SDC Mode on the NUC and install the User OS (UOS).