Here are some frequently asked questions about the ACRN project.
ACRN runs on Intel Apollo Lake and Kaby Lake boards, as documented in our Supported Hardware documentation.
If you’re following the Getting Started Guides documentation and the NUC fails to boot, here are some options to try:
- Upgrade your platform to the latest BIOS
- Verify Secure Boot is disabled in the BIOS settings:
- Depending on your platform, press for example, F2 while booting to enter the BIOS options menu, and verify “Secure Boot” is not checked in the “Boot Options”
- Make sure you are using EFI (and not legacy BIOS)
It’s important that the ACRN Kconfig settings are aligned with the physical memory on your platform. Check the documentation for these option settings for details:
For example, if memory is 32G, setup
PLATFORM_RAM_SIZE = 32G
config PLATFORM_RAM_SIZE hex "Size of the physical platform RAM" default 0x200000000 if PLATFORM_SBL default 0x800000000 if PLATFORM_UEFI
SOS_RAM_SIZE = 32G too (The SOS will have the whole resource)
config SOS_RAM_SIZE hex "Size of the Service OS (SOS) RAM" default 0x200000000 if PLATFORM_SBL default 0x800000000 if PLATFORM_UEFI
UOS_RAM_SIZE to what you need, for example, 16G
config UOS_RAM_SIZE hex "Size of the User OS (UOS) RAM" default 0x100000000 if PLATFORM_SBL default 0x400000000 if PLATFORM_UEFI
HV_RAM_SIZE (we will reserve memory for guest EPT paging
table), if you setup 32G (default 16G), you must enlarge it with
(32G-16G)/2M pages (where pages are 4K). The example below is after
HV_RAM_SIZE is changed to 240M
config HV_RAM_SIZE hex "Size of the RAM region used by the hypervisor" default 0x07800000 if PLATFORM_SBL default 0x0f000000 if PLATFORM_UEFI
Apollo Lake HW has three pipes and each pipe can have three or four planes which help to display the overlay video. The hardware can support up to 3 monitors simultaneously. Some parameters are available to control how display monitors are assigned between the SOS and UOS(s), simplifying the assignment policy and providing configuration flexibility for the pipes and planes for various IoT scenarios. This is known as the plane restriction feature.
i915.avail_planes_per_pipe: for controlling how planes are assigned to the pipes
i915.domain_plane_owners: for controlling which domain (VM) will have access to which plane
Refer to GVT-g (AcrnGT) Kernel Options details for detailed parameter descriptions.
In the default configuration, pipe A is assigned to the SOS and pipes B and C are assigned to the UOS, as described by these parameters:
To assign pipes A and B to the UOS, while pipe C is assigned to the SOS, use these parameters:
The careful reader may have noticed that in all examples given above, the SOS always has at least one plane per pipe. This is intentional, and the driver will enforce this if the parameters do not do this.
Configuring ACRN at compile time with the system RAM size is a tradeoff between flexibility and functional safety certification. For server virtualization, one binary is typically used for all platforms with flexible configuration options given at run time. But, for IoT applications, the image is typically configured and built for a particular product platform and optimized for that product.
Important features for ACRN include Functional Safety (FuSa) and real-time
behavior. FuSa requires a static allocation policy to avoid the potential of
dynamic allocation failures. Real-time applications similarly benefit from
static memory allocation. This is why ACRN removed all
and why it needs to pre-identify the size of all buffers and structures used in
the Virtual Memory Manager. For this reason, knowing the available RAM size at
compile time is necessary to statically allocate memory usage.