Virtio-RND

Virtio-rnd provides a virtual hardware random source for the User VM. It simulates a PCI device followed by a virtio specification, and is implemented based on the virtio user mode framework.

Architecture

Figure 278 shows the Random Device Virtualization Architecture in ACRN. The green components are parts of the ACRN solution while the gray components are parts of Linux software or third party tools.

virtio-rnd is implemented as a virtio legacy device in the ACRN device model (DM), and is registered as a PCI virtio device to the guest OS (User VM). Tools such as od (dump a file in octal or other format) can be used to read random values from /dev/random. This device file in the User VM is bound with the frontend virtio-rng driver. (The guest kernel must be built with CONFIG_HW_RANDOM_VIRTIO=y). The backend virtio-rnd reads the HW random value from /dev/random in the SOS and sends them to the frontend.

../../_images/virtio-hld-image61.png

Figure 278 Virtio-rnd Architecture on ACRN

How to Use

Add a PCI slot to the device model acrn-dm command line; for example:

-s <slot_number>,virtio-rnd

Check to see if the frontend virtio_rng driver is available in the User VM:

# cat /sys/class/misc/hw_random/rng_available
virtio_rng.0

Check to see if the frontend virtio_rng is currently connected to /dev/random:

# cat /sys/class/misc/hw_random/rng_current
virtio_rng.0

Read random values:

# od /dev/random
0000000 007265 175751 147323 164223 060601 057377 027072 106352
0000020 040765 045645 155773 111724 037572 152033 036001 056073
0000040 057164 065021 024005 031500 156630 026635 022440 000127
0000060 115071 046756 071656 106721 161340 106726 175275 072403
0000100 011265 000420 061137 103723 001107 006430 061151 132766
0000120 166216 015074 100505 015473 057324 102727 005126 051731
0000140 003727 071115 167622 071407 120301 002616 047451 120733
0000160 174117 133164 161231 035076 013700 164114 031627 001202
0000200 011467 055650 016365 140074 060277 150601 043610 006403
0000220 016170 071666 065540 026615 055073 162363 012002 112371
0000240 000767 157121 125007 141671 000327 173741 056415 155463
0000260 105504 066453 152754 136314 175213 063541 001420 053025
0000300 047631 167425 044125 063176 171334 177234 050063 031640
...

Note

HW randomness is a precious resource of the system. The od command will block and wait until randomness is available.